Green Energy and Sustainability ISSN 2771-1641

Green Energy and Sustainability 2024;4(2):0002 |

Original Research Open Access

Experimental investigation of a mixed desiccant solution of potassium formate and ionic liquid

Dingming Jiang , Alessandro Giampieri , Janie Ling-Chin , Anthony Paul Roskilly

  • Department of Engineering, Durham University, Durham, DH1 3LE, UK

Correspondence: Alessandro Giampieri

Academic Editor(s): Christos N. Markides

Received: Feb 2, 2024 | Accepted: Apr 2, 2024 | Published: May 2, 2024

Cite this article: Jiang D, Giampieri A, Ling-Chin J, Roskilly A. Experimental investigation of a mixed desiccant solution of potassium formate and ionic liquid. Green Energy Sustain 2024; 4(2):0002.


Liquid desiccant technology is a promising energy-efficient alternative to conventional temperature and humidity control systems. In the quest to identify the optimal fluid for liquid desiccant systems, alternative desiccant solutions have been explored in terms of their feasibility and compatibility in dehumidification systems. This study proposes and characterises a new type of less expensive mixture of potassium formate (HCO2K) and 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate ([EMIM][OAc]). This novel desiccant solution was investigated in terms of corrosiveness to metals, moisture absorption and desorption ability, cost-effectiveness compared to conventional desiccant solutions. The corrosiveness of desiccant solutions to copper-nickel, copper and steel was tested at room temperature and at 60 °C. Experiments were conducted in a climatic chamber with temperatures of 25–31 °C and relative humidities of 80–90% for the absorption process and temperatures of 50–70 °C and relative humidities of 20–30% for the desorption process to assess the moisture absorption and desorption capacities and mass fraction variations of the desiccant solutions. The mixed desiccant of HCO2K/[EMIM][OAc] in the ratio 60/10% wt. showed a moisture absorption capacity of 0.146 gH2O/gsol (compared to 0.18 gH2O/gsol for aqueous lithium chloride at 33.3% wt.) for a temperature and relative humidity of the climatic chamber of 25 °C and 90%, respectively. Its low corrosiveness, good moisture absorption and desorption capacity and higher cost-effectiveness make it a promising alternative to conventional desiccants, such as aqueous solutions of lithium chloride.


Liquid desiccant, potassium formate, ionic liquids, corrosion, moisture absorption and desorption capacity, cost-effectiveness

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